Bipolar Disorder or maniac depression is a kind of mental illness which is typified by extreme mood swings, recurring depression episodes and episodes displaying mania. An estimated study shows that almost 4% of the people in US are afflicted by this disease. Although a 100% cure method has yet not surfaced, treatment for reducing symptoms and making the condition better is definitely available. Research and development is continuously ongoing in this field and a number of innovative bipolar medications are coming up in the medical world.
Lithium carbonate is a leader in offering treatment for bipolar disease. Belonging to the family of “mood stabilizers”, lithium is a proven product in controlling mood swings – both maniac episodes and depression events.
Anticonvulsants are often used to treat mood swings in patients as they have been found to have a positive effect on the temperament of the sufferer. Good examples of them are Lamtrigine or Topiramate.
Antidepressants can be used as bipolar medication but they need to be used with caution. The reason behind it is that, antidepressants, by nature, are stimulating, and if prescribed, they must be carefully monitored for correct dosage. Three types of antidepressants are used as bipolar medication – Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors, Tricyclics and Lithium.
Talk therapy and psychotherapy have been very helpful as bipolar medication methods. Patients – both adults and children- have been seen to be successfully emerging as bettered individuals after taking psychotherapy sessions.
Identifying bipolar disease is the first crucial step in treating the disease. Watching out for symptoms and seeking expert help immediately can help to curb the intensity of the disease, if not cure it to some extent. One thing must be remembered and that is, once the doctor prescribes a medication, it is essential to comply with it and continue it with dedication. Bipolar disease affected patients are notoriously popular in non-complying with medication, thus calling for a relapse and resurge of the condition in no time.
Many patients discontinue with bipolar medication due to the following reasons –
a) Forgetting to take the right drug at the right time.
b) Taking wrong dose of medicines.
c) Discontinuing medicine when feeling better before the course is completed.
d) Difficulty in sustaining medication side-effects.
e) Weight gain.
Many patients withdraw from the treatment due to the fact that they cannot endure the side effects that often come along. A frank discussion with the GP can actually help in this regard. He can then minimize or modify the dose to help patients cope with side effects and emerge better and fitter. Non-compliance with the pattern of intake of medication is guaranteed to push back the patient into a state of relapse. This must be carefully avoided, no two medications must be mixed together and the full course is to be completed in order to arrest disabling symptoms from arriving again. A strong support group consisting of friends, family and relatives can ensure a successful administration of medication.